Bomb Calorimeters in the Disposal of Hazardous Waste

BOMB CALORIMETERS IN THE DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS WASTE The environmental impact of incineration of high to medium calorific waste in a specialized waste incinerator (usually as rotary kiln) can be tested with the aid of an oxygen bomb calorimeter. The type of wastes that can be incinerated in a rotary …

Spiking with DDS Gelatine Capsules

THE SPIKING METHOD USING DDS GELATINE CAPSULES Before proceeding with the spiking method, make sure you’ve determined the spike value when using the DDS Gelatine Capsules. The spike value is obtained by running 2-3 gelatine capsule samples and calculating the average energy value. This value is the spike value. METHOD …

Bomb Calorimeters in Steel Manufacturing

BOMB CALORIMETERS IN STEEL MANUFACTURING The large CO2 emissions from the steel industry and the concern for global warming are opening options to reduce fossil derived CO2 emission sin a steel plant by using biomass, but still keeping the production costs of steel reasonable. The worldwide steel industry is responsible …

Mass Outside Limits Error

“MASS OUTSIDE LIMITS” ERROR – TROUBLESHOOTING How to troubleshoot the “mass outside limits” error on the CAL3K oxygen bomb calorimeter system. When entering the sample mass on the calorimeter (manually or automatically) the following error might appear : “Mass Outside Limits”. Learn how to solve this error when using any …

Alternative Fuels used in Brick-Making

FUELS USED IN BRICK-MAKING Calorimetry is becoming increasingly necessary for kiln operations in various industries to test for quality and emissions. Some brick manufacturers are starting to utilize readily available alternative solid fuels like coal and sawdust, instead of using natural gas. These alternative fuels are available at a lower …

Determine the Spike Value of Gelatine Capsules

HOW TO DETERMINE THE SPIKE VALUE OF GELATINE CAPSULES Why use gelatine capsules? Some samples burn extremely fast and result in an explosion, throwing the sample out of the crucible. To solve this, we use a gelatine capsule. What is the spike value? Before analysing the sample, we need to …

Pelletizing Compost for Energy Utilization

THE PELLETIZATION OF COMPOST FOR ENERGY UTILIZATION If produced compost does not meet the legal requirements for application to agricultural land, it is not suitable for application in soil, and can therefore be tested as an alternative fuel when co-fired with fossil fuels. Low-quality compost that cannot be applied to …

Performing a Calibration with Benzoic Acid Tablets

PERFORMING A CALIBRATION ON THE CAL3K CALORIMETER (USING DDS BENZOIC ACID TABLETS) The following exercise applies to the following CAL3K Calorimeters in the DDS Calorimeters range : CAL3K-AP (without manual oxygen filling station), CAL3K-A, CAL3K-U and CAL3K-F. For this exercise we used the CAL3K-A Oxygen Bomb Calorimeter System. To perform …

Analyzing Olive Residues as an Alternative Fuel

USING OLIVE RESIDUES AS AN ALTERNATIVE FUEL Utilization of olive waste products for energy The processing and production of the olive fruit produces a large amount of by-products, including liquid and solid wastes arising from olive oil extraction and the production of table olives. The disposal of olive waste without …

How to cool the CAL3K Oxygen Bomb Vessel

HOW TO COOL THE CAL3K BAYONET BOMB VESSEL After running a sample, once the determination is complete, the CAL3K Oxygen Bomb Vessel can be removed from the calorimeter. Before de-filling or preparing the bomb for the next firing it needs to be cooled – this is done using the CAL3K …