prCEN/TS 15400 (EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION) – Solid recovered fuels – Methods for the determination of calorific value

Methods for determination of calorific value of solid recovered fuels (Biofuels)

international standard

international standards

APPARATUS

General

In aneroid systems (systems without a fluid) the calorimeter can, stirrer and water are replaced by a metal block. The combustion bomb itself constitutes the calorimeter in some aneroid systems. Aneroid calorimeters are convenient for automated operation as the circulation of the calorimeter water is inapplicable, thereby also eliminating evaporation deviations. They are usually operated as adiabatic or quasi-adiabatic systems but can equally well be of the isoperibol type. Characteristically they have a small heat capacity, leading to large changes in calorimeter temperature, thus facilitating the measurement of θ with a relatively high resolution. Conversely, large values of θ tend to increase the risk for introducing systematic deviation, in aneroid systems aggravated by difficulties in achieving uniform calorimeter surface temperature during combustion of the sample. A countermeasure is to limit the sample mass, bearing in mind that for smaller samples particular attention shall be given to their being representative.

NOTE 2 Calorimeters surrounded by insulating material, creating a thermal barrier, are regarded as static-jacket calorimeters.

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